Voluntary action concerning information and for an orientation regarding the return to the homelands of the African students, who are about to finish their studies and go back to their home the countries
Nowadays, immigration as a world
phenomenon regarding first and foremost Africa, is severely neglected especially considering the qualified population. In fact, the number of qualified immigrants in 1990 was 42 million and increased
to 59 million by 2000, according to the World Bank, with an average increase of 1.7 million people a year. This certainly means that the African continent is the most affected by this phenomenon. A
World Bank study published in October 2005 emphasises that around 74,000 qualified people leave the continent every year. In total, between 1990 and 2000, the number of expatriate qualified Africans
increased to 113% in the thirty member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), 1.4 million people in all. This figure is destined to increase for various
reasons, such as: lack of competitiveness of most African universities; organisational rigidity and incapacity to anticipate the real training needs of the continent; weak interdisciplinary skills
potential, limited number of university places; absence of real professional opportunities and widespread entrance tactics in certain faculties (favouritism, corruption, tribalism). Every year, all
this causes numerous students and young graduates of Sub Saharan Africa to leave the continent to continue studies or work in Northern countries, particularly Europe. Another African paradox is that
while every year it loses hundreds of thousands of potentially qualified people who go mainly to Europe and North America, at the same time the continent employs more than 100,000 international
experts in various key development sectors through international institutions present in several African countries and the governments themselves.
To confront this challenge, the town of Senigallia (Italy) is promoting a European project financed by the Department of Justice, Peace and Security. The project aim is to promote the voluntary return of African students having completed their studies in European universities as a positive factor for development in Africa, through stable means aimed at strengthening their contribution to reducing poverty. In order to achieve this the project sets out three specific objectives:
1 – to conduct a mapped survey on a sample of 2000 African students and 200 associations related to African immigration in ten European countries. Necessarily, to understand what impact support politics can have concerning helping voluntary immigrants to return to home countries having finished their studies through socio-economic integration support.
2 – to carry out a mapped survey on a sample of 100 local groups and 100 universities to see if they are interested in a commitment to the three party process (university, local group, immigrant associations), supporting voluntary return of African students to their home countries.
3 - to organize a European seminar on best practices to experiment in the field of voluntary return of African students to their home countries. These students often have unstable economic situations due to study fees
The A.V.O.I.R project deals with the integrated management necessary for African students migratory flow, this would rely on real partnerships, associating universities, the local community and immigrant associations and their relative home countries.
The activities to be carried out within the A.V.O.I.R. project framework are divided into 4 phases.
Fase Phase 1: Setting up the
This means setting up local partnerships in each country involving the highest number possible of local partners especially town councils, immigrant associations, universities.
PhaseFase 2: Planning the means and
programming the survey
This phase consists of:
1 – Planning the various means for the survey, definition of the survey lay-out in about a dozen European countries in particular France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, The United Kingdom, Denmark, Austria. Germany
2 - Definition of communication strategies
3 - l’Elaboratzion of evaluation methods and means.
PhaseFase 3 : European survey Indagine
During this phase data collecting in the various European countries will be organised and scientifically analysed
PhaseFase 4 (cross-section phase)fase
During this phase, internal evaluation of the project, external evaluation of assessment workshops, drawing up of an action plan, a meeting for circulation of results, will be carried out.
The main activities of the project are the following: the survey, awareness campaign for students, universities and the local community discussing the issue, meeting for circulation and distribution of survey results.
Presently, the A.V.O.I.R. project’s starting point expects the following results:
1: "Mapping of African students, universities, local community and immigrant associations impressions and opinions, effectively carried out in ten
European countries, involving about 2000 people”
2000 students interviewed, 100 university institutions, 100 local communities and 50 immigrant associations involved. A survey report finalized in Italian, English and French. Publication of the results – 2000 copies.
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